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The ACTA Internet chapter is even more grotesque than anticipated. It takes a 360 degree sweep across all possibilities  for enforcement of copyright and trade marks. It has onerous obligations not just for  ISPs but for web hosts and server operators. The Internet as we know it is definitely under threat.


The latest leak from the ACTA (Anti-counterfeiting Trade Agreement) indicates that EU and US  negotiators are being somewhat sparse with the truth when they claim there is no 3-strikes in ACTA.  It is clear from the document that this is a treaty about copyright enforcement and that it attacks not only Internet users, but web hosts and  the providers of the networks themselves. 


The ACTA Internet Chapter includes the following:

- mandates ISPs to be liable for copyright enforcement. They will only have a legal defence if they can prove they have policies in place to police their networks for copyright enforcement, such as a system of terminating the access of 'repeat infringers'.  This is written in such a way that the negotiators can falsely claim that they are not mandating a graduated response system. The fact is that they will mandate such onerous liability onto the ISPs, and recommend a policy that is by any other name, graduated response or 3-strikes. It will be  the only way the ISP can escape being sued by rights-holder interests.

-anyone who creates a technological method of working around the enforcement measures can be prosected, potentially incurring criminal sanctions.  It is uncertain what this might include in the network context (perhaps the lawyers can help here?) . 

- applies to trade marks, as well as all forms of copyright. That means it attacks eBay and  ecommerce businesses, as well as peer-to-peer filesharing. 

- the sanctions  will be applied  to businesses as well as individual users (footnote 3). 

- a very wide definition of 'online service provider' sweeps in potentially any website, any web hosts, anyone operating a hosting centre, as well as the ISPs provising end-user access. 


The EU's Trade (INTA) committee will be discussing ACTA this Tuesday. 


Read the leaked ACTA chapter   (actually, it's only a section of it, but it does contain these onerous provisions). 

Further analysis from Michael Geist




This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial-Share Alike 2.5 UK:England and Wales License. It may be used for non-commercial purposes only, and the author's name should be attributed. The correct attribution for this article is: Monica Horten (2010) ACTA to sweep the 'Net clean: latest lea, k 21  February 2010


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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

Don't miss Iptegrity!  RSS/ Bookmark is the website of Dr Monica Horten. She is a policy analyst specialising in Internet governance & European policy, including platform accountability. She is a published author & Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics & Political Science. She served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe Committee on  Internet Freedom. She has worked on CoE, EU and UNDP funded projects in eastern Europe and the Caucasus. In a voluntary capacity, she has led UK citizen delegations to the European Parliament. She was shortlisted for The Guardian Open Internet Poll 2012.

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