Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Sander De Ridder, Lucia Vesnic-Alujevic, Bojana Romic (2016) Challenges when researching digital audiences: Mapping audience research of software designs, interfaces and platforms in Participations Journal of Audience and Reception Studies, Volume 13, Issue 1, May 2016


"The structural powers coming from large digital media companies (such as the dominant platform providers like Facebook and Twitter) and State security interests to monitor citizens, are leading to an increasingly ‘closed, market-led, heavily monitored online ecosystem’ (Horton, 2016); such power dynamics are having very real consequences for everyday users that need to be urgently addressed." Horten, Monica. The Closing of the Net. Oxford: Polity, 2016

Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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