Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Technological Trade with the Former Eastern Bloc: The Evolution of Export Control and Its Relationship to Structural Trade Barriers

By  Cecelia A. Schier

In Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal

Reference: 19 Rutgers Computer & Tech. L.J. (1993), pp251 and 254


Available at: HEINOnline  

"The construction of a modern telecommunications infrastructure is a critical step toward the economic development of the region"

Citation given is: Monica Horten, A Magnet for Suppliers, FIN.TIMES, Oct 15, 1992 Section 3 Survey, at 8.

James Hatt, regional director of Cable and Wireless, stressed that Western businesses must be highly selective in doing business in Eastern Europe: "Every day three or four so-called opportunities cross my desk. It has got to be more than an opportunity to go in and merelly 'make a quick buck'. It must be one that allows us to expand as the economy stabilises and expands."

Cited to Horten, supra note 147. 


Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

Contact  me to use  iptegrity content for commercial purposes


States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


Don't miss Iptegrity!  RSS/ Bookmark