Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Christopher T. Marsden

Net Neutrality: towards a co-regulatory solution? 

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010


Marsden's account of net neutrality and EU  telecommunications law  takes us up to and including the Second Reading of the Telecoms Package. 



Monica Horten reports that AT&T led this effort, that the economists’ studies predicting negative impacts of net neutrality was highlighted and that the rejected First Reading amendments were reworked as ‘compromises’ for the Second Reading, placing responsibility on ISPs only to report (self-regulated) restrictions on service:



Horten explains that the intention of the Council was to weaken, if not to remove, Amendment 138/46:



The Internet’s core values of openness and democracy have been established by accident and design. Horten states: By authorizing blocking practices, the Telecoms Package puts Europe on a path to a closed series of Internets. It puts at risk innovation, trade, and any policy goals to encourage cross-border trade. It puts at risk the European Union’s Information Society goals. And, it stands to chill democratic speech.  

Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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