Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

 Regulatory Lessons for Internet Traffic Management from Japan, the European Union and the United States: Towards Equity, Neutrality and Transparency

 By John Harris Stevenson and Andrew Clement, University of Toronto (2010)

In Global Media Journal (Canadian edition)   Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 9-29


 Concerns were also raised about the use of deep packet inspection for commercial advertising targeting, and by computer security firms, by the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party, which advises the European Union on privacy matters (Horten, 2009, February 19).


Citation: Horten, Monica. (2009, February 19) Privacy watchdog condemns traffic data amendment. Retrieved February 7, 2009,



Proposed amendments to existing European telecom legalisation, EU Directive 2002/22/EC concerning “universal service and users’ rights relating to electronic communications networks”, were considered by the European Parliament in 2009. These amendments, popularly called “the Telecom Package 2009”, contained a number of recommendations dealing specifically with network management. These included provisions “to prevent degradation of service and hindering or slowing of traffic over networks”, and encouraging or mandating national regulators to establish minimum quality levels and provide up-to-date information for consumers concerning their QoS practices (European Union, 2009, December 18). Some amendments, designed to ensure that users’ access to particular types of content or applications were not unreasonably restricted, were opposed by telecommunications providers (Horten, 2009, February 16).


Citation: Horten, Monica. (2009, February 16) Harbouring compromises in the Telecoms Package. Retrieved February 7, 2009,

Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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