Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

The Berkman Center for Internet & Society At Harvard University ( 2011) 
Rethinking Music  A Briefing Book

Compiled   for the  Rethink Music Conference 25-27 April 2011 

"The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (“ACTA”) — an international, multilateral intellectual property trade agreement — may require the United States to adopt graduated response regulations. Leaked early drafts drew criticism for explicitly requiring them. While the October 2010 final draft does not expressly mention a graduated response, it does contain broad language encouraging ISPs to use “fair and proportionate” remedies to enforce copyright laws. Some organizations argue that this language implies a graduated response requirement. "74 

74  See, e.g. Monica Horten, Final ACTA puts Europe under more pressure for graduated response, (Oct. 6, 2010, 10:23 PM) 





Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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