Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Annika Glatz (2012) Interest Groups in International Intellectual Property Negotiations

SECO / WTI Academic Cooperation Project Working Paper Series 7 / 2012

EU policy on Copyright began to move forward in 1998 with the publication of a “Green Paper on Copyright and the Challenge of Technology”. Back then, copyright was a new policy area for the European Commission. Before these first initiatives, the Berne Convention, TRIPS and the so-called Copyright Treaty and Performances and Phonograms Treaty that were governed by the WIPO basically determined EU copyright policy.143

HORTEN, Monica. The Copyright Enforcement Enigma: Internet Politics and the “Telecoms Package”. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 215pp. P. 56.  


As the music and movie industry were not able to control and implement enforcement mechanism, they turned to political lobbying in order to act against the loss of copyright enforcement powers and sparked a new political debate.320

HORTEN, Monica. The Copyright Enforcement Enigma: Internet Politics and the “Telecoms Package”. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 215p. P. 39



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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

Don't miss Iptegrity!  RSS/ Bookmark is the website of Dr Monica Horten. She is a policy analyst specialising in Internet governance & European policy, including platform accountability. She is a published author & Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics & Political Science. She served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe Committee on  Internet Freedom. She has worked on CoE, EU and UNDP funded projects in eastern Europe and the Caucasus. In a voluntary capacity, she has led UK citizen delegations to the European Parliament. She was shortlisted for The Guardian Open Internet Poll 2012.

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