Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Annika Glatz (2012) Interest Groups in International Intellectual Property Negotiations

SECO / WTI Academic Cooperation Project Working Paper Series 7 / 2012

EU policy on Copyright began to move forward in 1998 with the publication of a “Green Paper on Copyright and the Challenge of Technology”. Back then, copyright was a new policy area for the European Commission. Before these first initiatives, the Berne Convention, TRIPS and the so-called Copyright Treaty and Performances and Phonograms Treaty that were governed by the WIPO basically determined EU copyright policy.143

HORTEN, Monica. The Copyright Enforcement Enigma: Internet Politics and the “Telecoms Package”. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 215pp. P. 56.  


As the music and movie industry were not able to control and implement enforcement mechanism, they turned to political lobbying in order to act against the loss of copyright enforcement powers and sparked a new political debate.320

HORTEN, Monica. The Copyright Enforcement Enigma: Internet Politics and the “Telecoms Package”. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 215p. P. 39

Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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