Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Kreiken, Floris and Koepsell, David (2013) , Coase and Copyright,

In Journal of Law, Technology and Policy, 2013, 1,

Copyrights were introduced around the sixteenth century when the crown granted the London Stationers company the exclusive right to print books, an economic power, in exchange for censorship powers.297


Although an economic right, authors do not necessarily have to be the owner of the information economically. Even if the economic property is not in the owner’s hands, he remains the intellectual originator of the information.309

309. HORTEN, supra note 297, at 16–19

Read the full article here

Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

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" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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