The Closing of the Net  "original and valuable"  Times Higher Education

The   European Commission's Digital Agenda, revealed  on Wednesday by the Commissioner  Neelie Kroes, has all the hallmarks of a cat on a hot tin roof.  She is in the uncomfortable position of having to  play off the aggressive bullying of the copyright industries against the arrogant mendacity of the telcos.    

 

The willowy Mrs Kroes and  her dysfunctional DG, have chosen to prioritise the explosive  issue of copyright.  At the same time, she  fails to grasp Internet users rights, and net neutrality has been dropped from the list of  formal action points.

 

The Digital Agenda is set out as a Communication to the Council and the Parliament. This is a policy document which explains forthcoming policy initiatives planned by the Commission. It includes new Directives, as well as reviews of existing policies.

Mrs Kroes'  flagship legislative proposal within the Digital Agenda is a Framework directive on collective rights management (pan-European copyright), and a directive on

orphan works. Both are scheduled for this year.

 

These moves  will be very positive for the Commission if Mrs Kroes can make it happen - and it is a big 'if'.  A functioning EU law on collective rights management is an essential prerequisite for an online content marketplace. Without it, services selling online content struggle to get the licences they need,  and the cost of doing business in content is too high for most start-up companies.  The issue will be whether the dysfunctional Commission can be strong enough to overcome rights-holder opposition to such a directive, and to make it work for the service providers.

 

 A review of the Ecommerce directive  is set down for this year. The e-commerce directive  was previously closed to review and  this move to open it up  could prove explosive. The copyright industries are  sitting there with their legal gunpowder ready,  waiting to rip in to the mere conduit provision.

 

It precedes an equally dynamite-laden  review of the IPR Enforcement Directive, which  is on the plan for 2012.

 

As copyright policies technically belong with DG Internal Market, under her French, Sarkozy-ite colleague, Michel Barnier, it is not clear which   is the lead DG on these reviews. Has there been a deal that DG Information Society takes the multi-territory rights Directive, and DG Market the other two?

 

ACTA (Anti-counterfeiting Trade Agreement), which seeks to impose draconian copyright legislation internationally,  is not mentioned by name. But   it does look very  likely that this action point is referring to ACTA: "Seek a mandate to update international agreements in line with technological progress  or, where appropriate, propose new instruments"?

 

Commissioner Kroes  tries to slide out of any positive commitment to net neutrality, as per this muddled piece of Commission-speak: "whether additional guideance is required to secure basic objectives of freedom of expression, transparency, investment in efficient and open networks, fair competition and openness to innovative business models." She intends to consult on these issues - apparently. The Consultation is described in the text but is not on the action list, so its status is not clear. Is she hoping to sneak it out again when no-one is looking?

 

And it is unclear whether this Consultation  will  take full account of the request placed on 4 November last year, by the European Parliament, for the Commission to work specifically on net neutrality by 2011.

 

Under the guise of ‘Trust', Commissioner Kroes  muddles up  the issue of  child pornography - which is criminal matter and should be dealt with by the police -  with  ‘protecting children' from viewing adult pornography - which should be dealt with by parents.

 

Furthermore, there is a suggestion here that the Commission may try to use network security as a trojan horse  for ‘protectiong children' Internet blocking measures.

 

Finally, Mrs Kroes wants to issue a Code of Online Rights  by 2012  - but her code only addresses consumers, not citizens. Such a ‘code' , which will have an uncertain legal status,   can only address elements such as the contracts, and not the fundamental rights of citizens, which are guaranteed under the EU Treaties.  

 

She confuses the fundamental right to freedom of expression with a minimum quality of service, by putting them in the same sentence. Any such minimum,  is a term of service in the commercial contract between the subscriber and the network operator. This is a reference to the Telecoms Package and the flawed contracts provisions in the Harbour report.    She evidently has no clue what fundamental rights mean in this context, in spite of the extensive debate on  the Telecoms Package  which her DG was involved in last year.

 

 

 

Download the EU Digital Agenda

 

NB Cat on a hot tin  roof   is a play by Tenessee Williams about a dysfunctional family.  See: Wikipedia entry .

 



This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial-Share Alike 2.5 UK:England and Wales License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ It may be used for non-commercial purposes only, and the author's name should be attributed. The correct attribution for this article is: Monica Horten (2010) Neelie Kroes' Digital Agenda:  a cat on a hot tin roof    http://www.iptegrity.com 17 May 2010 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Iptegrity.com is the website of Dr Monica Horten, European expert on Internet policy and Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics & Political Science. She is an independent expert on the Council of Europe Committee on Cross-border flow of Internet traffic and Internet freedom (MSI-INT). She was shortlisted for The Guardian Open Internet Poll 2012. Iptegrity  offers expert insights into Internet policy. Iptegrity has a core readership in the Brussels policy community, and has been cited in the media. Please acknowledge Iptegrity when you cite or link.  For more, see IP politics with integrity

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