Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Internet Trials

The policy debate doesn't always happen within the official policy fora such as  European Commission consultations, or Parliamentary committees. Especially when it comes to the Internet and online content. Certain interest groups  take it into other venues. The courts are being called on the interpret the law, and the caselaw is used by courts all around Europe in the context of their judgments.   This section looks at instances of legal action against Internet providers by private interest groups, or actions by Member States who are implementing laws and initiatives. Iptegrity's concern, as ever, is the protection of the open Internet and free speech. In the courts, this will be addressed in the context of the right to freedom of expression or privacy.

If you are interested in copyright caselaw  you may like my book The Closing of the Net which discusses the UK copyright blocking judgments and the Megaupload case in New Zealand.


If you are interested in copyright policy, you may like my previous books A Copyright Masquerade: How Corporate Lobbying Threatens Online Freedoms and The Copyright Enforcement Enigma - Internet Politics and the ‘Telecoms Package’

20th Century Fox v BT:  Can an ISP have ‘not the right kind of knowledge' in respect of copyright enforcement liability?

Second report on the case from last Wednesday in the High Court, when I attended the hearing.

 The case of Twentieth Century Fox v BT  (the Motion Picture Association of America ‘s European arm suing  British Telecommunications)  could be a key landmark case for copyright enforcement on the Internet.  At stake is whether an ISP in Europe  can be ordered to block a website which is alleged to be   infringing copyright.  The legal chasm between the two parties  is the meaning  of ‘actual

Read more: Hollywood v BT: the wrong kind of knowledge?

20th Century Fox v BT:

Is BT the first in a domino effect of blocking orders? BT's  defence against the Hollywood studios who files for a blocking order, will be critical for the Internet in the UK and Europe.  The case could set up an important precedent. Both parties in court were accutely aware of this possibility.

I attended the court hearing yesterday. Here is my first report of the proceedings. Most media appear to have reported this case based on information supplied by the MPA. I heard  BT's submissions, as well as responses from the MPA. 

British Telecom (BT), the UK's largest Internet service provider, is defending itself in court this week against a website blocking order filed by  the the Motion Picture Association ( MPA ) which is the European arm of the MPAA, representing the major Hollywood film studios. The MPA is asking for an order to make BT block access for all of its subscribers,  to a website called Newzbin, which allegedly offers access to unauthorised copies of films and music. 

It emerged in court that the application for the blocking order followed months of

Read more: Hollywood v BT: consequences for all European ISPs, court told

Hollywood Studios are at the High Court In London today in an attempt to force BT to block a website that is allegedly infringing copyright. But  in a separate development, a document has emerged which outlines wider  plans,  by the rights holders, for blocking injunctions.

The request for the injunction was filed within the last week or so by the 

Read more: 20th Century Fox v BT - and Hollywood’s latest plan for ISP co-operation


Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

The politics of copyright

A Copyright Masquerade - How corporate lobbying threatens online freedoms

'timely and provocative' Entertainment Law Review


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