Platform responsibility? Get the backstory - check my book The Closing of the Net - only £15.99!

Member States

European Union Member States are all considering policy options for the Internet and for copyright enforcement online. This section of discusses Internet policy initiatives in the EU Member States, with the exception of France and Britain which are discussed in individual sections of the site.

If you like the articles in this section and you are interested in how policy for Internet, copyright, and net neutrality is made in the EU Member States, you may like my books A Copyright Masquerade: How Corporate Lobbying Threatens Online Freedoms and The Copyright Enforcement Enigma - Internet Politics and the ‘Telecoms Package’

If you are interested in EU policy on Internet governance,   you may like my book The Closing of the Net .

Copyright enforcement by blocking websites  has divided opinion in Spain and  gets the thumbs down from the law-makers. But newly released  Wikileaks cables  flush out how the USTR offered to 'help' shape the text. 

A  Spanish Parliamentary committee has rejected  a new  law  which would have permitted the enforcement of copyright by putting block on websites which are alleged to carry infringing content. The outcome flies in the face of new information from freshly-online Wikileaks cables showing  how the USTR worked to get the law drafted.

The Spanish approach is quite different from the French or the British. It does not target

Read more: Spanish Parliament throws out draconian copyright sanctions

Astonishing revelations  of a US plan to get Spain to block websites and implement a graduated response.  IPR and copyright held as high a priority as  Afghanistan and Iran  in diplomatic talks.  Rights-holders collaborated with the US. Citizens opposition  groups such as the Internautas, named.


Diplomatic cables made public by Wikileaks show how the Spanish government has been  pressured  by the US  to bring forward  a  draconian copyright enforcement law to address peer-to-peer file-sharing. The US authorities were acting on behalf of rights-holder organisations including the  Motion Picture Association (MPAA) which represents the big Hollywood studios.

One of the levers used against Spain was to place it on the US notorious

Read more: Wikileaks cables - Spain threated by US over copyright

Germans protest against data retention, and plans by the German families Minister for Internet filtering to ‘protect the children'. In a separate move, the German government has held talks on  ISP 'co-operation'  on copyright enforcement.



On September 12, 25,000 people joined  the Freedom not Fear  march against surveillance and Internet filtering in Berlin. Timed just before the general election on 29 September, the march highlights the efforts of the German government, and in particular of the families minister, Ursula Von der Leyen, to put in controls on the Internet.


The Germans call it ‘Internet Sperrung'  - Internet lock-up -  and some groups fear that plans already underway for Internet filtering to

Read more: Berlin: 25,000 march for 'Net freedom



States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

Don't miss Iptegrity!  RSS/ Bookmark is the website of Dr Monica Horten. She is a policy analyst specialising in Internet governance & European policy, including platform accountability. She is a published author & Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics & Political Science. She served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe Committee on  Internet Freedom. She has worked on CoE, EU and UNDP funded projects in eastern Europe and the Caucasus. In a voluntary capacity, she has led UK citizen delegations to the European Parliament. She was shortlisted for The Guardian Open Internet Poll 2012.

Iptegrity  offers expert insights into Internet policy (and related issues on Brexit). Iptegrity has a core readership in the Brussels policy community, and has been cited in the media. Please acknowledge Iptegrity when you cite or link.  For more, see IP politics with integrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

Contact  me to use  iptegrity content for commercial purposes

The politics of copyright

A Copyright Masquerade - How corporate lobbying threatens online freedoms

'timely and provocative' Entertainment Law Review