Big tech accountability? Read the backstory to today's policy debates here on Iptegrity.

President Sarkozy's  Creation and Internet law, also known as the Hadopi law, which will bring in 3-strikes anti-filesharing measures in France, has been passed by the Assemblee Generale and the Senate. This means that it will shortly become law.


In the Assemblee Generale, it was voted by a narrow majority of 296 votes in favour to 233 votes against. This was the second time it had gone through, after having been rejected on the first occasion. French President Sarkozy and his Culture Minister, Christine Albanel, bent all the French Parliamentary rules to get it through the legislature a second time, in just one month.

The vote is in spite of the European Parliament's opposition to 3-strikes, as  expressed in the Telecoms Package vote

last week, when it carried Amendment 138. Madame Albanel,  and Jean-Francois Cope, architect of the French Internet levy to substitute  for television advertising revenue and pay for public servicebroadcasting, have both stated the view that Amendment 138 is no barrier to the law.

 However, Amendment 138 does say that a judicial ruling is needed before Internet access may be cut off, whereas the new Hadopi will be a public authority with no judicial status. Moreover, the law is explicit that the Hadopi will use evidence supplied by 'agents' and those agents will be the rights-holder associations. Clearly, such an authority should not be permitted to  act in lieu of a court, in all reasonable circumstances.

 In the French Senate, the majority was much larger - 189  in favour, to 14 against. The aging Senateurs are generally claimed to know very little about the subject matter of this law. The Assemblee Generale therefore, was  the key vote for getting the law through the legislature.


Source: Liberation


This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial-Share Alike 2.5 UK:England and Wales License. It may be used for non-commercial purposes only, and the author's name should be attributed. The correct attribution for this article is: Monica Horten (2009) Sarkozy bends rules to get in  3-strikes law,,13 May 2009. 


Find me on LinkedIn

About Iptegrity is the website of Dr Monica Horten.

I am a tech policy specialist, published author, post-doctoral scholar. I hold a PhD from the University of Westminster, and a DipM from the Chartered Institute of Marketing. Currently working on UK Online Safety Bill.

Recent media quotes: BBC, iNews, Times, Guardian, Politico.  Panelist: IAPP,  CybersecuritySummit. Parliament and Internet. June 2022-July 2023 w/ Open Rights Group. is made available free of charge for non-commercial use. Please link back and attribute Dr Monica Horten.  Contact me to use any of my content for commercial purposes.  

The politics of copyright

A Copyright Masquerade - How corporate lobbying threatens online freedoms

'timely and provocative' Entertainment Law Review