For the backstory to the upload filter check my book The Closing of the Net - PAPERBACK OR KINDLE - £15.99!

France

The French government brought in a law  for measures to enforce copyright, which is officially called the Creation and Internet law, but colloquially  referred to as the Hdaopi law ( loi Hadopi), and which have been dubbed " 3 strikes and you're out!"  Warnings will be sent to thousands of users accused of copyright infringement (delivered by ISPs to their customers on behalf of the copyright owners) and penalties will include termination of Internet access. The proposals were first put forward  by the 'Mission Olivennes', and commission headed by Denis Olivennes, former head of the French retail chain called the Fnac. The law passed through the French legislature in 2009.

The French law is supervised by a government body known as  the Hadopi. It is mandating changes to computer security software which effectively  entail  mass surveillance of Internet users. Those behind the measures are the  private corporations (entertainment and music companies who own large libraries of copyright material), who will look for users alleged to be downloading files without payment or permission.

The progress of the Hadopi measures is of interest to other EU Member States, some of whom are thinking about implementing similar copyright enforcement provisions.

My paper The French law on Creation and Internet – using contract law to squash file-sharing is available here.

If you like the articles in this section and you are interested in France, copyright enforcement policy and the Hadopi law, you may like my books A Copyright Masquerade: How Corporate Lobbying Threatens Online Freedoms and The Copyright Enforcement Enigma - Internet Politics and the ‘Telecoms Package’

You may also  like my book The Closing of the Net which positions the story of the Hadopi law in the wider policy context.

The French government is giving contradictory signals about the  so-called Lex Google, that would see the American search engine company pay for including French newspaper articles  in its indexes. In a new twist,  it seems that it may not become a law at all – it may become a cosy, secret  agreement between Google and a select group of French media owners. This is the outcome favoured by President Hollande,  according to a press statement issued after a meeting with Google and representatives of the French media owners.

Read more: Lex Google: a private law for the French Internet?

Outright war declared between Google and the French media.

 France could have a law in place by next year that could kill off large chunks of Twitter and cause whole swathes of cyberspace to fall  silent. The law, dubbed Lex Google, is demanded by French, German and Italian media in name of protecting their businesses. It  puts at risk the lifeblood of Internet communication, namely hyper-linking. The outcome could be an all-out commercial war between the print media and the Internet giant Google.

Read more: Will Lex Google guillotine the publishers?

But will it get the chop? That is the big question.

 The budget for the Hadopi, the French State-run administrative body that oversees the 3-strikes measures, looks set to be cut as the new government seeks financial savings. The budget cuts put the future of the 3-strikes measures into question. They could   indicate that the Hollande regime is not so enamoured of the graduated response and is prepared to stand up to the copyright industries. In tandem, Hadopi’s progress will be examined by a  government review that is due to report next March.

Read more: Hadopi budget to be slashed as French review 3-strikes

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

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" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web." ITSecurity.co.uk

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net

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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

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Iptegrity.com is the website of Dr Monica Horten. She is  a trainer & consultant on Internet governance policy, published author& Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics & Political Science. She served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe Committee on  Internet freedom. She has worked on CoE, EU and UNDP funded projects in eastern Europe and beyond.  She was shortlisted for The Guardian Open Internet Poll 2012. Iptegrity  offers expert insights into Internet policy (and now Brexit). Iptegrity has a core readership in the Brussels policy community, and has been cited in the media. Please acknowledge Iptegrity when you cite or link.  For more, see IP politics with integrity

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The politics of copyright

A Copyright Masquerade - How corporate lobbying threatens online freedoms

'timely and provocative' Entertainment Law Review