Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

France

I wrote this in 2008 when this website was first set up and I was in my early days of researching this policy. In 2022, it seems little has changed. Policy is still trying to use mass surveillance to enforce against users. The arguments are similar. The difference is the scale. 

Way back in 2008, the French government brought in a law  for measures to enforce copyright, which was officially called the Creation and Internet law, but colloquially  referred to as the Hadopi law ( loi Hadopi), and which was dubbed "3 strikes and you're out!"  The idea was that warnings would be sent to thousands of users accused of copyright infringement (delivered by ISPs to their customers on behalf of the copyright owners) and penalties would include termination of Internet access. The proposals were first put forward  by the 'Mission Olivennes', and commission headed by Denis Olivennes, former head of the French retail chain called the Fnac. The law passed through the French Parliament in 2009.

The Hadop was actually a government body charged with supervising the law.  It was mandating changes to computer security software which effectively entail  mass surveillance of Internet users. Those behind the measures were entertainment and music companies who own large libraries of copyright material. They sought to use online surveillance to look for users alleged to be downloading files without payment or permission.

My paper The French law on Creation and Internet – using contract law to squash file-sharing is available here.

If you like the articles in this section and you are interested in  copyright enforcement policy and what happened to the Hadopi law, you may like my books A Copyright Masquerade: How Corporate Lobbying Threatens Online Freedoms and The Copyright Enforcement Enigma - Internet Politics and the ‘Telecoms Package’

You may also  like my book The Closing of the Net which positions the story of the Hadopi law in the wider policy context.

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The most far-reaching web blocking proposals yet seen.

 

Today a French government committee is expected to pronounce an opinion on a new proposal to filter and block web content.

 The French media are suggesting that it represents industrial-scale filtering. Indeed, the proposal is the most far-reaching one we've seen to date.  It is certainly over-broad and puts at risk both freedom of expression and free trade.

 

The French government  proposes to  give various  ministries the power  to order ISPs and web hosts to block content.  Blocking orders  could apply to commercial and non-commercial content, and potentially also to advertising and search engines.

 

It is all set out in a Decree which amends the existing law on electronic commerce. The Decree has been sent to the  Conseil

Read more: France proposes industrial-scale content filtering

'Paris in the Spring' gains a new and unromantic meaning as President Sarkozy plots Internet blocking discussions with other G8 heads of government. 

 

France's President Sarkozy, in Washington for  talks this week with Barack Obama, has said he wants to put an extra item on the agenda of the next G8 economic talks,  which he will host  in Paris this Spring.  That extra item is the Internet, and the meeting is being dubbed the ‘G8 du Web'.  

 

The idea is to have private,

Read more: Sarkozy wants Internet (blocking) talks at G8

Washington got high level, detailed briefings on  France's 3-strikes law - also known as the Hadopi law - and the Telecoms Package. With the Motion Picture Association and the RIAA in the loop.

 

We always thought it,  but somehow the leaked cables,  released by the Wikileaks website from the American Embassy in Paris, are interesting even in their confirmation of our suspicions. In particular, they reveal  how the American entertainment industry lobbied for 3-strikes measures in Europe.  

 

Two cables have been made public by Le Monde, the French newspaper which has access to the full database of leaked cables. These two cables  tell us how the

Read more: Hollywood's Hadopi lobbying outed in French embassy cables

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web." ITSecurity.co.uk

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net

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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

Iptegrity in brief

 

Iptegrity.com is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing. I am on the Advisory Council of the Open Rights Group.  I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. For more, see About Iptegrity

Iptegrity.com is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

Contact  me to use  iptegrity content for commercial purposes

The politics of copyright

A Copyright Masquerade - How corporate lobbying threatens online freedoms

'timely and provocative' Entertainment Law Review


 

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