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Marielle Gallo, the French, Sarkozy-ite, pro-copyright MEP, has set up a new policy discussion forum for the EPP Group in the European Parliament. Called the IP Forum, its stated mission is to discuss IP policy for  economic growth, investment and jobs. But the Forum's name seems somewhat  ill-fitting when the objective appears to be targetting online  enforcement and has  ACTA in its sights.  Is this just a cover for a talking shop on ACTA and the IPR enforcement directive?

  Mme Gallo’s first event is a seminar called IPR enforcement in the digital era on 22 November, and is packed with  speakers  who will take a hardline,  pro-industry viewpoint.

 The keynote speaker is Victoria  Espinel is White House U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator  and formerly on the staff of the USTR. It is the USTR which launched  ACTA and which (as the Wikileaks cables have revealed) is responsible for pressuring European governments who do not implement US-friendly enforcement policies.  

As the US government  has two Bills  before Congress concerning online IPR enforcement  - Bills which will facilitate the instant blocking of websites as per ACTA – we can perhaps expect her to talk about that.

 Another speaker is Véronique Desbrosses, Secretary General of GESAC,  the music collecting societies lobby group. GESAC was one of the chief lobbyists for copyright in the Telecoms Package.    Will  she push once again for measures in the IPR Enforcement directive to make the ISPs liable?  

 Margot Froehlinger will also be speaking. She is  the head of copyright at the European Commission, who handbagged the ISPs in earlier secret  discussions about online enforcement – she was trying to get them to agree to ‘voluntary measures’ with the rights-holders, outside of the conventional EU policy processes: ISPs & rights-holders in dust-up over Europe-wide MoU She is ultimately responsible for the IPR Enforcement directive.

 However, her role at the Commission technically requires her to take a neutral position and to listen to all sides. I note from her biography that she is a Consititutional lawyer, so she should understand about free speech and due process. It will be interesting if she actually goes public on what  she will propose for online enforcement policy.

 A fourth speaker is Stacey King,  of INTA – this is  the  International Trade Mark Association, behind which stand all the luxury goods makers,  the cosmetic companies and others with heavy investments in trade marks and so –called ‘brands’.  

 The programme suggests that a Google lobbyist is speaking  -  well, if you need a token non-web-blocking speaker, why not get Google?

The angle of the IPR enforcement in the digital era  seminar  is  a thinly veiled promotion for ACTA. This is suggested by the reference to external trade policy:

Our industrialized trade partners have already grasped this reality and have taken all necessary measures to protect effectively their companies from counterfeiting and piracy. These measures have been welcomed by trade unions. At the same time,through its trade policy the European Union participates internationally to the creation of an appropriate legal framework in order to enable our companies and their employees to benefit fully from globalization.

The appropriate legal framework is intended to mean ACTA. Other references to the role of IP in inudstry are aimed at the IPR Enforcement directive.  But it   is inappropriate  for such a discussion  to appear under  the cloak of an  economic  Forum on IP.

Marielle Gallo is an active internal campaigner for the copyright industries. She recently topped the speakers list at  a meeting of the notorious Kangaroo group on the topic of IP rights: EU Parliament’s Kangaroo Group hops onto ACTA. Interestingly, the url for the  IP Forum is  Marielle Gallo's fight which is a bit of a giveaway for how she sees it.


 PS   Mme Gallo, in her introduction to the Forum,   makes the claim that we would not have smartphones  and other mobile devices without  IP rights,  which, she believes,  gave companies the incentives to invest and provide choice for consumers.

  I  should just like to point out  that the GSM system which has brought us the smartphones,  is based on open standards which were negotiated by representatives of all the mobile companies and manufacturers.  All mobile phone manufacturers have to conform to those open standards.  The first GSM standards, which uncannily previewed smartphones, were draw up in the 1980s.

 The incentive to invest and provide consumer choice was open market competition. Any communications system needs to have open standards and open interconnection in order to provide the economic benefits that policy-makers anticipate.


Please attribute this article to: Monica Horten (2011)  European Parliament hardline seminar on enforcement and ACTA , 10 November 2011




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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.

Don't miss Iptegrity!  RSS/ Bookmark is the website of Dr Monica Horten. She is a policy analyst specialising in Internet governance & European policy, including platform accountability. She is a published author & Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics & Political Science. She served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe Committee on  Internet Freedom. She has worked on CoE, EU and UNDP funded projects in eastern Europe and the Caucasus. In a voluntary capacity, she has led UK citizen delegations to the European Parliament. She was shortlisted for The Guardian Open Internet Poll 2012.

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