Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

Is net neutrality incompatible with traffic management policies? Here is another briefing paper on the Telecoms Package, written by myself and  a colleague, Benedetta Brevini. In the paper, we suggest that a stronger role should be given to national and European regulators to monitor and oversee discriminatory practices by network operators, in order to protect citizens' interests.

We believe that it is essential for policy-makers to guarantee the neutrality of the network, as the Information Society Commissioner, Viviane Reding, has said.

We consider how ‘bandwidth management' is different from ‘traffic management', and how in the new telecoms environment of ‘traffic management', the problem facing the regulators will entail disputes arising between content providers and network operators, which gives them a different set of regulatory issues from the traditional, purely network-based,  issues. 

Finally,  we consider how the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was able to address such an  issue when it arose in the US, compared with the powers that EU regulators would have (or not) under the proposals currently in the Telecoms Package. The paper is released here

 under a Creative Commons Licence. This means that you are free to download and read it, but if you refer to it or the ideas within it, or quote from it in any article, whether an essay or a published work, you must credit  Monica Horten and Benedetta Brevini of the University of Westminster. 


Net neutrality vs traffic management policies A briefing paper on the Telecoms Package Second Reading is available here 

 Benedetta Brevini is a PhD researcher at the University of Westminster, and on the editorial board for the Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture (WPCC).  Her PhD research, entitled   Towards PSB 2.0 : applying PSB ethos to online media in Europe  is investigating the policies developed by European Member States and PSBs institutions  to bring public service broadcasting  ethos to the new media environment. Benedetta studied law (Bachelor of Law and LLM) at the University of Modena, Italy and journalism in Milan (Degree in Journalism). She holds a Master of Science in Media Regulation from the London School of Economics. She has been working as a journalist in Milan, New York and London for CNBC and RAI. Her research interests include European and international media and communication policy, new media regulation, freedom of speech law, media and politics.


Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

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States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


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Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


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