Big tech accountability? Read how we got here in  The Closing of the Net 

The European Parliament has made a resounding call for net neutrality to be protected, in two separate votes this week. The votes do not create any new laws, but they do send a strong message to the European Commission which is working on draft laws for copyright and traffic management.

 The Schaake report on Digital Freedom Strategy in EU Foreign Policy called on the Commission to codify the principle of net neutrality. It also expressed the view that ISPs should not block or discriminate against any type of traffic.

 In addressing copyright, the Schaake report  called for a balanced review of the IPR Enforcement directive, that would preserve the open Internet and protect fundamental rights online.

The Schaake report is authored by the Dutch Liberal MEP Marietje Schaake, who has a  long-standing interest in Internet issues and who opposed ACTA.

 More interesting politically is the second vote. This was on a report by the IMCO committee, chaired by the British Conservative MEP Malcolm Harbour, on completing the Digital Single Market. This report also contains a strong call for the European Commission to support net neutrality.

 The IMCO report  states that lack of net neutrality hurts businesses and consumers and it too calls on the Commission to propose legislation to ensure net neutrality. In particular, it points out that such measures are needed with regard to traffic management, going as far as to say:

if necessary, ensure by means of regulatory intervention that network neutrality is maintained’.

 The IMCO report also addressed the issue of  fair competition  online, calling on the Commission to  take action against unfair B2B commercial practices, such as online  restrictions, price controls and quotas’.

 On copyright, it emphasises that  ‘cooperation with private parties  should be firmly grounded in a legal framework characterised by respect for data privacy, consumer protection, right of redress and access to justice for all parties’  and that  ‘notice action’ measures  must ‘ensure  respect for the fundamental right to a fair trial before an independent and impartial tribunal established by law, unequivocally and for all’.

 This is a reminder to the European Commission of Article 1.3a in the Telecoms Package  that calls for a ‘prior, fair and impartial hearing’ . ( For the full story of Article 1.3a, copyright  and the Telecoms Package, see my book, The Copyright Enforcement Enigma   )

 The IMCO report also calls for reduced VAT on e-books – a call that will make some book authors happy.

Both reports  got a massive majority, with over 600 MEPs voting in favour (result as stated by La Quadrature du Net in their press release).

 This is an original article from If you refer to it or to its content,  you should cite my name as the  author, and provide a link back to  Media and Academics – please cite as Monica Horten, European Parliament calls for positive laws on net neutrality   in,  12 December  2012 . Commercial users - please contact me.



Iptegrity in brief is the website of Dr Monica Horten. I’ve been analysing analysing digital policy since 2008. Way back then, I identified how issues around rights can influence Internet policy, and that has been a thread throughout all of my research. I hold a PhD in EU Communications Policy from the University of Westminster (2010), and a Post-graduate diploma in marketing.   I’ve served as an independent expert on the Council of Europe  Committee on Internet Freedoms, and was involved in a capacity building project in Moldova, Georgia, and Ukraine. I am currently (from June 2022)  Policy Manager - Freedom of Expression, with the Open Rights Group. For more, see About Iptegrity is made available free of charge for  non-commercial use, Please link-back & attribute Monica Horten. Thank you for respecting this.

Contact  me to use  iptegrity content for commercial purposes


States v the 'Net? 

Read The Closing of the Net, by me, Monica Horten.

"original and valuable"  Times higher Education

" essential read for anyone interested in understanding the forces at play behind the web."

Find out more about the book here  The Closing of the Net


FROM £15.99

Copyright Enforcement Enigma launch, March 2012

In 2012, I presented my PhD research in the European Parliament.


Don't miss Iptegrity!  RSS/ Bookmark